By Attracta Ingram
Rights are uncomplicated construction blocks of the modern country, but their rigorous justification is tough. This ebook offers a radical research of this crucial subject, and demanding situations the orthodox view that rights are a kind of estate declare in one's physique. Drawing at the culture of the social agreement in addition to the wealth of contemporary paintings in political concept, Ingram conceives of rights as a kind of political declare, and indicates how they are often justified in a fashion quite fitted to the pluralistic nature of latest liberal society.
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Surely, the fact that a person needs liberty in order to pursue the ends or interests which she inevitably has as a human being no less than the next person. The underlying value here is not liberty but, to be as uncontentious as possible, equal human worth. For those of us who think in this way, self-ownership offers a very incomplete understanding of what is wrong with slavery and the like. While the resurgence of institutions of absolute political power and slavery can never be ruled out, they are not a clear and present danger to citizens of modern constitutional liberal democracies.
It is proprietary power and it is only fettered by other such powers. Why should the distribution be one of unfettered proprietary powers? The answer is, I suggest, historical and relative, not perennial and absolute. The meaning of self-ownership has been shaped by its historical role as a response to the doctrines and practices of political absolutism in seventeenth-century Europe. To see how the response is fed by the character of the particular power problem it addresses it will be useful to outline the main features of the doctrine of absolute power.
Amartya Sen, ‘Utilitarianism and Welfarism’, 463. SELF-OWNERSHIP AND WORLD OWNERSHIP 45 in the next chapter is to lessen the initial appeal of self-ownership by showing how it runs counter to well-entrenched moral positions. My present task divides into four. First the various possible types of moral ownership of the natural world are explained in relation to self-ownership and the two best known Lockian routes to individual acquisition of resources are laid out. 3) the ﬁrst route is explored by examining what is probably the most cogent union of self-ownership and rights in worldly resources, the one set out by Locke himself, and the reason for its rejection by contemporary libertarians is made plain.
A Political Theory of Rights by Attracta Ingram