By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Radiation Effects Research, Committee to Review the Dose Reconstruction Program of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency
From 1945 via 1962, the united states atmospheric nuclear guns checking out software concerned millions of army and civilian group of workers, and a few of them have been uncovered to ionizing radiation. Veterans' teams have when you consider that been involved that their individuals' wellbeing and fitness used to be suffering from radiation publicity linked to participation in nuclear assessments and feature stressed Congress for incapacity reimbursement. numerous items of laws were handed to compensate either army and civilian body of workers for such health and wellbeing results. Veterans' matters concerning the accuracy of reconstructed doses caused Congress to have the final Accounting workplace (GAO) evaluation the dose reconstruction application used to estimate publicity. The GAO examine concluded that dose reconstruction is a legitimate approach to estimating radiation dose and will be used because the foundation of reimbursement. It additionally steered an autonomous evaluation of the dose reconstruction software. the results of that advice was once a congressional mandate that the protection hazard relief corporation (DTRA), part of the dep. of safety, ask the nationwide examine Council to behavior an autonomous evaluation of the dose reconstruction application. in keeping with that request, the nationwide examine Council tested the Committee to study the Dose Reconstruction software of the security danger aid supplier within the Board on Radiation results examine (BRER).
The committee randomly chosen pattern documents of doses that have been reconstructed via DTRA and thoroughly evaluated them. The committee's record describes its findings and offers responses to the various questions which were raised via the veterans.
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Additional resources for A Review of the Dose Reconstruction Program of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency
Important data that can be used to estimate dose to an atomic veteran directly include film-badge readings and measured external exposure rates at various I INTRODUCTION 35 locations and times in the veteran’s exposure environment. Data on humans also are used to estimate dose. For example, models used to estimate dose due to inhalation on the basis of estimates of concentrations of radionuclides in air include an assumption about the breathing rate. When data that could be used to estimate dose directly are not available, mathematical models that incorporate available information and other assumptions must be used.
There should be a comprehensive re-evaluation of the methods being used to estimate doses and their uncertainties to establish more credible upper-bound doses to atomic veterans. 3. A comprehensive manual of standard operating procedures for the conduct of dose reconstructions should be developed and maintained. 4. A state-of-the-art program of quality assurance and quality control for dose reconstructions should be developed and implemented. 5. The principle of benefit of the doubt should be consistently applied in all dose reconstructions in accordance with applicable federal regulations.
Once a veteran called in, forms were sent to him to provide a written account of his experience in the atmospheric testing program. These data were collected in a database called “File A” that is still retained as part of a veteran’s record. Subsequently, a “File B” was established to collect data from historical documents. Originally, each branch of the service had an NTPR team to handle its own members’ dose reconstructions. However, that led to disparities between methods and assumptions in estimating personnel doses.
A Review of the Dose Reconstruction Program of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Radiation Effects Research, Committee to Review the Dose Reconstruction Program of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency