By Nathaniel Samuel Murrell
Faith is among the most crucial components of Afro-Caribbean tradition linking its humans to their African prior. From Haitian Vodou and Cuban Santeriao renowned religions that experience usually been demonized in well known cultureoto Rastafari in Jamaica and Orisha-Shango of Trinidad and Tobago. In "Afro-Caribbean Religions", Nathaniel Samuel Murrell presents a complete research that respectfully lines the social, old, and political contexts of those religions. And, simply because Brazil has the biggest African inhabitants on this planet outdoors of Africa, and has old ties to the Caribbean, he encompasses a part on Candomble, Umbanda, Xango and Batique. This accessibly written advent to Afro-Caribbean religions examines the cultural traditions and adjustments of all the African-derived religions of the Caribbean besides their cosmology, ideals, cultic constructions and formality practices. excellent for lecture room use, "Afro-Caribbean Religions" additionally incorporates a word list defining surprising phrases and selecting key figures.
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Extra info for Afro-Caribbean Religions: An Introduction to Their Historical, Cultural, and Sacred Traditions
Wande Abimbola of Ile-Ife, Nigeria, says that in Ifa texts not one but two pantheons exist with the supernatural powers that compete for control of the universe. These are “four hundred supernatural powers of the right, and the ajogun . . two hundred supernatural powers of the left. ” 73 In mythopoetic literary traditions of the Yoruba religion, Ifa controlled these two opposing forces in the universe that governed all aspects of people’s lives. Ifa is a cosmological system of divination that is affected by, and often controls, the actions of the orishas and the destiny of individuals through professional ritual.
Each realm is distinct, but all three are interdependent; they are connected by the idea of reincarnation, which originated in the Yoruba creation myth. The relationships among the three realms are based on the basic attributes that each shares. ”67 Because of the interaction in the three realms of existence, the sacred is intertwined with the profane; in Africa, religion is societal, society is religious, and rituals maintain the happy marriage. African Connections • 30 DIVINE RULER-CREATION MYTHS Although God is the central character in myths narrating the creation of the world, he is a hidden or distant controller of the universe, a form of deus obsconditus, who governs the world through intermediary orisa, or lesser deities.
This is a complex orisha who is a prankster, a sower of discord, and a busybody. He characterizes Olorun’s might and is said to have taught the secrets of wisdom to Orunmila. Esu has within him yin and yang, good and evil forces, right and wrong, love and anger, joy and sorrow, reverence and irreverence and is able to meditate between earth and heaven. ”88 Esu can resolve all conflicts in the Yoruba world with Ifa divination, through sacrifice and rituals. As the deity who takes the people’s offerings to Olorun, Esu is the divine middleman; one must first appease him through sacrifice before one can gain access to the other deities.
Afro-Caribbean Religions: An Introduction to Their Historical, Cultural, and Sacred Traditions by Nathaniel Samuel Murrell