By Roger D. Norton
Ready less than the aegis of the foodstuff and Agriculture association of the United international locations (FAO), this article provides a clean and accomplished examine agricultural improvement coverage. It presents a transparent, systematic overview of significant periods of coverage matters in constructing nations and discusses the rising foreign consensus on achievable techniques to the problems.
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Additional info for Agricultural Development Policy: Concepts and Experiences
Fundamentally, they should be related to the promotion of human development. Speciﬁc objectives for the agricultural sector can be derived from this overarching goal. In most economies, the ways in which agriculture can most effectively support human development are (a) ensuring that nutrition and other basic material needs are met in rural areas, and (b) contributing indirectly to the satisfaction of those needs in urban areas. In some transition economies, nutrition levels are high enough that they no longer are a general concern, but meeting other material needs is very much an issue, given the prevalence of poverty in rural areas.
In a comparison of the mode of operation of canal irrigation bureaucracy in [South] Korea and India, Wade (1997)15 ﬁnds the former to be more sensitive to the needs of the local farmers and thus more effective. The 13. Operations Evaluation Department, The Seed Industry in South Asia, The World Bank, Washington, DC, USA, 1996. 14. Lawrence D. Smith, ‘Agricultural Parastatal Reform,” paper prepared for the Policy Assistance Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, August 31, 1998, pp.
A few of the more prominent forms of expenditure have been investment in infrastructure for purposes such as irrigation, crop storage, transportation and marketing, direct provision of credit to producers and subsidization of private credit, the funding of research, extension and seed production, ﬁnancing the deﬁcits incurred by programs of purchasing grains from farmers at high prices and selling them to consumers at lower prices, and direct payments under land setaside programs or other support programs.
Agricultural Development Policy: Concepts and Experiences by Roger D. Norton