By Isamu Nouchi (auth.), Kenji Omasa Ph.D., Hiharu Saji Ph.D., Shohab Youssefian Ph.D., Noriaki Kondo Ph.D. (eds.)
Air pollutants is ubiquitous in industrialized societies, inflicting a number of environmental difficulties. it really is hence necessary to visual display unit and decrease toxins degrees. a couple of plant species already are being exploited as detectors (for phytomonitoring) and as scavengers (for phytoremediation) of air pollution. With advances in biotechnology, it truly is now possible to change crops for a much broader diversity of phytomonitoring and phytoremediation functions. pollution and Plant Biotechnology provides contemporary leads to this box, together with plant responses in the course of phytomonitoring, pollution-resistant plant species, imaging prognosis of plant responses, and using novel transgenic crops, besides reports of simple plant body structure and biochemistry the place acceptable. Researchers and scholars operating in plant biotechnology and the environmental sciences or contemplating new parts of research will locate this quantity a beneficial reference.
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Additional resources for Air Pollution and Plant Biotechnology: Prospects for Phytomonitoring and Phytoremediation
Eur J Biochem 33:253-257 Ashenden TW, Bell SA (1987) Yield reductions in winter barley grown on a range of soils and exposed to simulated acid rain. Plant Soil 98:433-437 Ashenden TW, Bell SA (1989) Growth responses of three legume species exposed to simulated acid rain. Environ Pollut 62:21-29 Ashende,n TW, Mansfield TA (1978) Extreme pollution sensitivity of grasses when S02 and N0 2 are present in the atmosphere together. Nature 273:142-143 Ashenden TW, Bell SA, Rafarel CR (1990) Effects of nitrogen dioxide pollution on the growth of three fern species.
Simultaneous exposures to 0 3 (100-400 ppb) and PAN (10-40 ppb for petunia and 30-100 ppb for 6- to 7-day-old kidney bean) induced significantly less injury to petunia and kidney bean than either pollutant alone (Nouchi et al. 1984a). Generally, the antagonistic response may occur at the low PAN concentration in the combination of PAN and 0 3• A Mixture of 0 3 + S02 + N0 2 is more realistic pollution than the combination of S02 and N0 2 • Turf grasses exposed to these gases at a concentration of 150 ppb each showed more foliar injury and greater reduction in leaf area compared with Responses of Whole Plants to Air Pollutants 29 exposures to the pollutants applied singly (Elkiey and Ormrod 1980).
Visible injury due to NO x is very rare in the field, although injury symptoms accidentally occur on eggplant, cucumber, and tomato in greenhouses from internally generated NO z (approximately 20 ppm) from fertilizer by the activity of soil bacteria (Hashida 1965)'j In addition, visible injury or invisible injury on pepper plants was observed in greenhouses equipped with propane or kerosene burners to provide an enriched atmospheric CO 2 (Law and Mansfield 1982). The burners generate a relatively high level of NO x (400-2000 ppb NO with 50-500 ppb N0 2) in the greenhouse as well as provide about 1000 ppm CO 2 (Capron and Mansfield 1975; Law and Mansfield 1982).
Air Pollution and Plant Biotechnology: Prospects for Phytomonitoring and Phytoremediation by Isamu Nouchi (auth.), Kenji Omasa Ph.D., Hiharu Saji Ph.D., Shohab Youssefian Ph.D., Noriaki Kondo Ph.D. (eds.)