By Christian Kennes, Maria C. Veiga
In fresh years, pollution has turn into a tremendous world wide obstacle. Air pollution can impact metabolic task, abate fit improvement, and show carcinogenic and poisonous homes in people. during the last 20 years, using microbes to take away pollution from infected air streams has develop into a broadly authorized and effective replacement to the classical actual and chemical remedy applied sciences. pollution Prevention and keep an eye on: Bioreactors and Bioenergy focusses on those biotechnological choices either the optimization of bioreactors and the improvement of cleanser biofuels.
Structured in 5 elements, the e-book covers:
- Fundamentals and microbiological aspects
- Biofilters, bioscrubbers and different end-of-pipe remedy technologies
- Specific purposes of bioreactors
- Biofuels creation from pollution and renewable assets (including biogas, biohydrogen, biodiesel and bioethanol) and its environmental impacts
- Case experiences of purposes together with biotrickling filtration of waste gases, commercial bioscrubbers utilized in numerous industries and biogas upgrading
pollution Prevention and regulate: Bioreactors and Bioenergy is the 1st reference paintings to provide a wide assessment of bioprocesses for the mitigation of pollution. basically meant for researchers and scholars in environmental engineering, biotechnology and utilized microbiology, the booklet can also be of curiosity to business and governmental researchers.Content:
Chapter 1 advent to pollution (pages 1–18): Christian Kennes and Maria C. Veiga
Chapter 2 Biodegradation and Bioconversion of unstable toxins (pages 19–30): Christian Kennes, Haris N. Abubackar and Maria C. Veiga
Chapter three identity and Characterization of Microbial groups in Bioreactors (pages 31–56): Luc Malhautier, Lea Cabrol, Sandrine Bayle and Jean?Louis Fanlo
Chapter four Biofilters (pages 57–119): Eldon R. Rene, Maria C. Veiga and Christian Kennes
Chapter five Biotrickling Filters (pages 121–138): Christian Kennes and Maria C. Veiga
Chapter 6 Bioscrubbers (pages 139–153): Pierre Le Cloirec and Philippe Humeau
Chapter 7 Membrane Bioreactors (pages 155–183): Raquel Lebrero, Raul Munoz, Amit Kumar and Herman van Langenhove
Chapter eight Two?Phase Partitioning Bioreactors (pages 185–205): Hala Fam and Andrew J. Daugulis
Chapter nine Rotating organic Contactors (pages 207–220): R. Ravi, ok. Sarayu, S. Sandhya and T. Swaminathan
Chapter 10 cutting edge Bioreactors and Two?Stage structures (pages 221–246): Eldon R. Rene, Maria C. Veiga and Christian Kennes
Chapter eleven Bioprocesses for the removing of unstable Sulfur Compounds from gasoline Streams (pages 247–274): Albert Janssen, Pim L. F. van den Bosch, Robert C. van Leerdam and Marco de Graaff
Chapter 12 Bioprocesses for the removing of Nitrogen Oxides (pages 275–291): Yaomin Jin, Lin Guo, Osvaldo D. Frutos, Maria C. Veiga and Christian Kennes
Chapter thirteen Biogas Upgrading (pages 293–318): M. Estefania Lopez, Eldon R. Rene, Maria C. Veiga and Christian Kennes
Chapter 14 Biogas (pages 319–343): Marta Ben, Christian Kennes and Maria C. Veiga
Chapter 15 Biohydrogen (pages 345–381): Bikram okay. Nayak, Soumya Pandit and Debabrata Das
Chapter sixteen Catalytic Biodiesel creation (pages 383–397): Zhenzhong Wen, Xinhai Yu, Shan?Tung Tu and Jinyue Yan
Chapter 17 Microalgal Biodiesel (pages 399–430): Hugo Pereira, Helena M. Amaro, Nadpi G. Katkam, Luisa Barreira, A. Catarina Guedes, Joao Varela and F. Xavier Malcata
Chapter 18 Bioethanol (pages 431–463): Johan W. van Groenestijn, Haris N. Abubackar, Maria C. Veiga and Christian Kennes
Chapter 19 Biotrickling Filtration of Waste Gases from the Viscose (pages 465–484): Andreas Willers, Christian Dressler and Christian Kennes
Chapter 20 Biotrickling Filters for removing of unstable natural Compounds from Air within the Coating region (pages 485–496): Carlos Lafita, F. Javier Alvarez?Hornos, Carmen Gabaldon, Vicente Martinez?Soria and Josep?Manuel Penya?Roja
Chapter 21 commercial Bioscrubbers for the nutrients and Waste Industries (pages 497–511): Pierre Le Cloirec and Philippe Humeau
Chapter 22 Desulfurization of Biogas in Biotrickling Filters (pages 513–523): David Gabriel, Marc A. Deshusses and Xavier Gamisans
Chapter 23 Full?Scale Biogas Upgrading (pages 525–544): Jort Langerak, Robert Lems and Erwin H. M. Dirkse
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Extra info for Air Pollution Prevention and Control: Bioreactors and Bioenergy
Editors. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Biotechniques for Air Pollution Control . La Coru˜na, Spain: Universidade da Coru˜na, pp. 167–83 (2007). Y. Jin, C. C. Veiga. Bioprocesses for the removal of nitrogen oxides from polluted air. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 80:483–94 (2005). Y. C. Veiga, C. Kennes. Autotrophic deodorization of hydrogen sulﬁde in a biotrickling ﬁlter. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 80:998–1004 (2005). C. R. C. Veiga.
The latter corresponds to a situation where the gas velocity will hold up the liquid in such a way that it will no longer be able to ﬂow through the column. 2 Transfer of a pollutant from a gas phase to a liquid phase (two-liquid-ﬁlm theory). 14 Air Pollution Prevention and Control ﬂow rates will lead to high pressure drops and may also result in ﬂooding conditions, as it may be difﬁcult for such high volumes of liquid to ﬂow through the column. A homogeneous gas and liquid distribution of both ﬂuids through the column is of prime importance to work under optimal conditions.
Biases have been reported that are linked to inefﬁcient DAPI staining in complex samples with a high organic–inorganic background, particle-masking effects [12, 13], and operator subjectivity . Concerning the CTC method, this staining technique remains controversial . e. are below the limit of the detection of this epiﬂuorescence microscopy method) [15, 16], and (ii) CTC has a strong toxic effect on key metabolic functions . Nevertheless, the simplicity of this procedure makes it attractive for the routine estimation of bacterial densities in a variety of environmental sample types.
Air Pollution Prevention and Control: Bioreactors and Bioenergy by Christian Kennes, Maria C. Veiga