By R.E. HESTER, R HARRISON
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The National Strategy for Air Quality sets out Government policy with regard to improving ambient air quality in the UK. It looks to the year 2005 and is relevant to both statutory requirements and to further voluntary action. The Environment Act 1995 requires Local Authorities to review past and assess future air quality within their areas of jurisdiction. It also requires them to identify areas where levels of pollutants are high and, if necessary, designate them to be local air quality management areas.
Box 6 Network design: what are my resources? E Money (capital and ongoing) E Skilled manpower E Time Box 7 Costs of air monitoring E Capital purchase of analysers, ancillary equipment and site infrastructure E Equipment service, maintenance and repair E Staff and subcontractor costs—operational and management E QA/QC—audits, intercalibrations, training, data management, etc. E Running costs—site rental, electricity, consumables, spare parts, calibration gases, telephone, etc. A very common problem, which we have seen manifested all over the world, is the purchase of expensive air pollution measurement equipment without regard to its long-term operational or financial sustainability.
The Strategy, p. 46, therefore lists the principles for improving air quality, which we summarize here: E E E E improved technology tighter fleet management environmentally responsible use of vehicles policies and planning to reduce reliance on cars. 3 Motor Vehicle Contribution The importance of motor vehicles to the urban air quality debate is manifest in figures published by the newly completed West Midlands Emissions Inventory study. This survey of all major sources of air pollutants in the seven local authorities was funded by the DoE to provide the first inventory in the UK at a very detailed local scale.
AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT by R.E. HESTER, R HARRISON