By H. L. Mencken
The DEFINITIVE variation OF The American Language used to be released in 1936. on account that then it's been famous as a classic. it's that rarest of literary accomplishments—a e-book that's authoritative and medical and is even as very diverting reading. yet after 1936 HLM endured to collect new fabrics diligently. In 1945 these which regarding the 1st six chapters of The American Language have been released as Supplement I; the current quantity includes these new fabrics which relate to the opposite chapters.
The floor therefore lined in Supplement II is as follows:
1. American Pronunciation. Its history. Its divergence from English usage. The nearby and racial dialects.
2. American Spelling. The impression of Noah Webster upon it. Its characters today. The simplified spelling movement. The remedy of personal loan words. Punctuation, capitalization, and abbreviation.
3. The universal Speech. Outlines of its grammar. Its verbs, pronouns, nouns, adjectives, and adverbs. The double negative. different peculiarities.
4. Proper Names in America. Surnames. Given-names. Place-names. different names.
5. American Slang. Its starting place and history. The argot of varied racial and occupational groups.
Although the textual content of Supplement II is expounded to that of The American Language, it's an self sufficient paintings that could be learn profitably by way of individuals who don't know both The American Language or Supplement I.
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Additional info for American Language Supplement 2
The more we know about what the language is doing, the greater chance we will have to make it work for us as speakers and writers. Although it may seem confusing at first to have parallel sets of terminologies for describing language, in many respects it is unavoidable because different classes of words can function differently according to how we use them; for example, nouns can be the subject and object of a sentence: article noun The boy subject verb hit verb article noun the ball. object formal functional The functional terminology tells us what we can and cannot do with an English sentence.
Because compound sentences coordinate main or independent clauses equally, they most commonly use the additive conjunctions ‘and’ and ‘or’, or the contrastive conjunction, ‘but’.
Sentences can have more than one object. For example, The park ranger showed the hikers the best route. In this case there are two objects: one is the element that is being affected by the verb and is called a direct object. ’Answer – ‘the best route’ (the object can be identified by applying either of the above tests). In the above example there is another object; that is, the noun group that follows the verb (the hikers). Because this object is not directly related to the verb it is called an indirect object.
American Language Supplement 2 by H. L. Mencken